Leishmanial, Dengue, Chikungunya, Malaria, Yellow fever, West Nile… all of these are diseases are called vector-borne diseases. This means that the disease passes from person to person, by a mosquito, bug, fly, or other insect. Vector-borne diseases cause more than 1 million deaths each year and count for 17% of all infectious diseases. Globalization on travel, changes in agriculture and climate change, have a great impact on having diseases emerging in places where before were unknown. Access to clean water and sanitation, helps to control such threats as well as health education.
According to the weekly epidemiological update from PAHO, a total of 20,043 cases of cholera have been reported since the beginning of 2015 (Haiti, Dominican Republic and Cuba). Since the beginning of the epidemic in November 2010, in Haiti there have been more than 780,000 cases and 8,900 deaths.
Regarding Chikungunya, more than 552,000 cases had been considered highly suspected and 19,300 confirmed by lab test. Nevertheless, the symptoms were very reliable to make the diagnosis.
Dengue remains a threat in multiple regions and especially during the rainy season. More than 1,700,000 with 744 deaths have been diagnosed in the Americas. At NPH we have had cases in almost all of our homes.
The NPHI Medical Services team kindly requests that all visitors are informed about possible diseases before traveling to NPH countries. We want your trip to be as healthy as possible.