According to the timeline of HIV/AIDS, the first recognized cases in the USA were in 1980. After a period of investigation, it was discovered that 300,000 people were infected and it spread to all five continents.
All scientific evidence traced the origin of the HIV virus to Africa and is general accepted in the scientific community that HIV is a descendent of immunodeficient virus from a simian. How the virus crossed different species is still subject to discussion with different theories.
Science and medicine has advanced greatly since the 1980’s, though we still don’t have a vaccine. People with early diagnosis and treatment can live a normal life. Children from HIV positive mothers can also survive, if the mother had access to treatment and medical care.
Women and adolescent are key players to reach a HIV free generation.
Since 52% of the newly HIV infected are women, empowerment through sexual education, values or fight against violence for them is a must.
Young people aged 14-24 years old, are a great percentage of the newly infected. Some examples of the causes are because:
- They didn’t experience the AIDS panic in the 1980’s
- They think they are not vulnerable, low perception of risk
- Having unprotected sex
- Older partners
- Substance use
- Inadequate prevention education
- Feeling of isolation
Almost 35 years after the first cases in the US/Americas
- Still 35 Million people have HIV
- More than 39 million people have died
- There is an entire generation of orphans because parents died of HIV/AIDS
- Remains the most challenging public health problem in developing countries
- Still, only 1/3 of the population with confirmed diagnosis has access to treatment with ARVs
- Half of the people infected don’t know they are
- One of the most remarkable successes has been to reduce transmission mother to child more than 90%
- Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among HIV /AIDS infected
Prevention and protection through good health education is the best way not to get infected.
To reach a HIV free generation is possible!