World HIV/AIDS Day

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Every December first, the world health community raises awareness on HIV/AIDS.

  • 35.7 Million people living with HIV/AIDS in 2012
  • 2.1 million adolescents
  • 3.34 million of children  were living with HIV in 2012
  • 9.7 million people in low and middle income countries recieved antiretrovirals

 

2013 is a year for special awareness for adolescents and women.

-One of every two new cases of HIV are adolescents 10-24 years old.
-Adolescents and young people (10-24 years) continue to be vulnerable to HIV infection. This count for more than half of the newly infected.
-Globally, adolescents who are members of key populations are also at higher risk for HIV through sexual transmission and injecting drug use.

TRANSMISSION

  • unprotected sexual intercourse or oral sex with an infected person;
  • transfusions of contaminated blood
  • sharing contaminated needles, syringes or other sharp instruments;
  • transmission between a mother and her baby during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding

-Women and girls make up half the world’s population living with HIV.
-Over 900 children become newly infected with HIV each day.
-Mother-to-child-transmission of HIV is almost entirely avoidable.
-Despite the many successes we have seen, women still face inequalities that will keep the AIDS response from reaching its full potential.

INDICATORS
% young people living with HIV
Knowledge about the condition
Preservative use
School attendance
Treatment coverage 

PREVENTION
Practice safe sexual behaviors such as using condoms.
Get tested and treated for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
Avoid injecting drugs, or if you do, always use new and disposable needles and syringes.
Ensure that any blood or blood products that you might need are tested for HIV.

 Sources/ WHO, USAID, AIDS, CDC

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